Are Women Color Blind?

Are Women Color Blind

Are women color blind: Color blindness is the deficiency of color vision. It is the inability to differentiate colors. Color blindness occurs due to the lack of light-sensitive pigments in the eyes’ cones.

One of the most significant questions that arise in any person’s mind is who is more likely to have color blindness? Are women color blind? But the answer to these questions is quite enthralling. The misconception seems that women have more color blindness, yet the reality differs. Males are more likely to be color blind than females. 

Research shows that around 95% of men have more color blindness than women. It has been estimated that 1 in 200 women are color blind, while on the other hand, 1 in 12 men experience color blindness. The reasons may vary from person to person. It could occur because of genetics.

Let’s explore what happens and makes women less prone to color blindness.

Genetics involves

Biological males have XY chromosomes, whereas biological females have XX chromosomes. The red-green color blindness gene is an X-linked recessive gene. Just a single gene is required for a male to have red-green color blindness, and it makes them more common than women. 

A female child needs two X chromosomes to become colorblind. It will make them less likely to have color blindness, whereas a male child needs to inherit one X chromosome.

The photoreceptors in the eyes are known as cones that are present in normal vision people, and these cones are responsible to sense various wavelengths of light. These pigments are deficient more in men than in women. Women’s health, in this case, is better than men’s.

Types of color blindness

  • Red-green color blindness

Red-green color blindness is the most common type of color blindness in which a person can’t differentiate between red and green colors. Sometimes red seems more like green to them, which is known as protanomaly. Some people can’t justify the color, and green looks more like red to them, and this condition is known as deuteranopia.

  • Blue-yellow color blindness

It is a type of color blindness that occurs when a person can’t differentiate between multiple colors such as green, yellow, blue, red. In this type, blue and green colors seem alike, and yellow, red look similar, and this condition is known as tritanomaly. Blue-yellow color blindness is a less common form of color blindness.

  • Achromatopsia

Complete color blindness is the third type of color blindness; it is also known as achromatopsia. In this condition, a person may feel monochromatic vision. It is rare, but those who experience this form feel difficulty adjusting. 

Visual aids such as contact lenses and glasses are available as a potential intervention. 

Bottom line

Men are more often to have color blindness, and it occurs due to genetic conditions. A mother can easily transform color blindness into a son. Women can also be color blind, but rare. The affected pigment of the eye decides the type of color blindness among men and women.

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